"O my soul, it is only a few days, bear them patiently.A lifetime seems long but a flitting reverie"

~Imam Shafi~
" “The heart will rest and feel relief if it is settled with Allah and it will worry and be anxious if it is settled with people.” – Ibn al-Qayyim"....Say : "This is my way; I invite unto Allah with sure knowledge, I and whosoever follows me with sure knowledge" (Qur'an - 12:108) "Say: we believe in God and in what has been revealed to us, and what was revealed to Abraham, Isma'il: Isaac, Jacob and The Tribes, and in (the Books) given to Moses, Jesus and the Prophets, from their Lord: We make no distinction between one and another, among them, and to God do we bow our will (in Islam)." (Qur'an, Al-Imran 3:84) . "And if he (Muhammad SAW) had forged a false saying concerning Us (Allah),We would have seized him by the right hand;And then certainly should have cut off his life artery (Aorta),And none of you could withhold Us from (punishing) him" (Qur'an,Al-Haqqah 69:44-47) "Do they not ponder the Quran! If it were revealed from a source other than Allah,certainly they would have found,many contradictions."[Holy Quran 4:82] " O man! Verily, you are returning towards your Lord with your deeds and actions (good or bad), a sure returning, and you will meet (i.e. the results of your deeds which you did)" [Holy Qur'an, 84:6] Say, "Is it other than Allah I should desire as a lord while He is the Lord of all things? And every soul earns not [blame] except against itself, and no bearer of burdens will bear the burden of another. Then to your Lord is your return, and He will inform you concerning that over which you used to differ." ~Holy Quran 6:164 Imam Malik (rh): “Do not look to the sins of people as if you are Lords, but look to your own sins as if you are slaves. Have mercy on the people of affliction and praise Allah for your well-being, and never say, ‘This person is from the people of Hellfire, and this person is from the people of Paradise.’ Do not be arrogant over the sinners, but rather ask Allah to grant them hidayah and rashad (i.e. guidance).” Ibn Kathir (Ra) narrated: كان نقش خاتم عمر بن الخطاب رضي الله عنه : كفى بالموت واعظاً ياعمر “The engraving on ‘Umar ibn al Khataab’s(Ra) ring was: “Sufficient is death as an admonisher O Umar”. ["Al-Bidaayah wan-Nihaaya]. "When you fear the creation, you run away from it, but when you fear the Creator, you feel close to Him,& run towards Him.".Ibn Qayyim . "Allahumma la‘aisha illa‘aish-al-Aakhirah": 'There is no life but the life of the next world' "And worship your Lord until there comes to you the certainty (i.e. death)". (Quran 15:99) “And those who strive for Us – We will surely guide them to Our ways.And indeed, Allah is with the doers of good.” [Quran: 29:69] "... And my success is not but through Allah . Upon him I have relied, and to Him I return." ~ Al Quran 11:88
"Nothing in this world is really useful to you unless it has some utility and value for the next world"-Imam Ali(R)

Friday, September 30, 2011

Following one of The Four Madhabs

Imaam Abu Haneefah

He said: “It is not permissible for anyone to follow what we say if they do not know where we got it from.”
According to another report he said: “It is haraam for the one who does not know my evidence to issue a fatwa based on my words.”
and he said: “woe be to you Ya’qoob. Do not write down everything you hear from me, for surely I may hold an opinion today and leave it tomorrow, hold another tomorrow and leave it the day after”
And he said: “If I say something that goes against the Book of Allaah or the report of the Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم), then ignore what I say.”
And he said: “”Adhere to the athaar and the way of the salaf and beware of newly invented matters, for all of it is an innovation.”
He also said: “if a hadeeth is found to be authentic, that is my madhab”
Now, the opposers to the dawah salafiyyah, the dawah of ahl as-sunnah, claim that these statements were only for “Abu Haneefah’s students” which is an absurd saying! As what will the students do with such saying if not act according to them and teach this to their followers!?
Imaam Malik
He said: “I am only human, sometimes I make mistakes and sometimes I get things right. Look at my opinion and whatever is in accordance with the Qur’aan and Sunnah, take it, and whatever is not in accordance with the Qur’aan and Sunnah, ignore it.”
And he said: “There is no one after the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) whose words cannot be taken or left, apart from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم).”
Imaam al-Shafi’ee
He said: “There is no one who will not be unaware of some of the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وسلم). Whatever I say or whatever guidelines I establish, if there is a report from the Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) which is different to what I said, then what matters is what the Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, and that is my opinion.”
according to al-Haakim, Imaam Shafi’ee said: “There is no one among us who has not had a sunnah of Allaah’s messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) elude him or have one slip his mind; so no matter what rulings I have made or fundamental principles I have proposed, there will be in them things contrary to the rulings of Allaah’s messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم). Therefore, the correct ruling is according to what Allaah’s messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, and that is my ruling.”
He also said: “The Muslims (of my time) were of a unanimous opinion that one who comes across an authentic sunnah of Allaah’s messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) is not allowed to disregard it in favour of someone else’s opinion.”
al-Haakim also collected from Imaam ash-Shafi’ee a similar statement to that of Imaam Abu Haneefah, that being “If a hadeeth is found to be saheeh, it is my madhab.”
He also said: “If I say something then compare it to the Book of Allaah and the sunnah of His messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and if it agrees with them, then accept it and that which goes against them, then reject it and throw my saying against the wall!”
Imaam an-Nawawi in Tahdheeb al-Asma wa’l-Lughaat mentioned under the biography of Imaam Shafi’ee: “…then he travelled to al-’Iraaq where he spread the knowledge of hadeeth and he established the madhab of its people – that is the madhab of the Ahl al-Hadeeth.”
Imaam Ahmad said: “Do not follow me blindly and do not follow Maalik or al-Shafi’ee or al-Awzaa’i or ath-Thawri blindly. Learn from where they learned.”
And he said: “The opinion of al-Awzaa’i and the opinion of Maalik and the opinion of Abu Haneefah are all mere conjecture and it is all the same to me. Rather evidence is to be found in the reports – i.e., in the shar’i evidence.”
Ibn Abdul-Barr stated in Jaami’Bayaan al-’ilm that, “There are no scholars from this ummah to whom a hadeeth of the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) was established and then they rejected it… If they had done so, their trustworthiness would have been in question, let alone them being taken as Imaams, since doing so (rejecting hadeeth) necessitates sinfulness.”
Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah said: “No one has to blindly follow any particular man in all that he enjoins or forbids or recommends, apart from the Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وسلم). The Muslims should always refer their questions to the Muslim scholars, following this one sometimes and that one sometimes. If the follower decides to follow the view of an imam with regard to a particular matter which he thinks is better for his religious commitment or is more correct etc, that is permissible according to the majority of Muslim scholars, and neither Abu Haneefah, Maalik, al- Shafi’ee or Ahmad said that this was forbidden.”
Ibn al-Qayyim said: in his Qaeedah Nuniyyah:
“If you say “Allaah said, and His Messenger said”
the ignorant one will say “where is the saying of so and so?”
(adapted from the works of Shaykh Muhammad Salih al-Munajjid and also the book ‘Refutation of Zayd Shaakir’s ‘Introduction to Following a Madhab’‘)

Thursday, September 15, 2011

Reflection on Earthquakes - The Wrath of Allah

  • It was wrongdoing, which drowned the people at the time of Nooh (alaihi as-salaam).
  • It was wrongdoing because of which a furious violent wind was sent upon the people of Aad, so that they were seen lying overthrown and destroyed, as if they were hollow trunks of palm-trees.
  • It was wrongdoing because of which an awful cry was sent upon the people of Thamud until it cut their hearts inside their bodies, and they all fell dead without exception
  • It was wrongdoing because of which villages of the people of Loot who were lifted till the angels heard barking of their dogs. They were turned upside down and upon them was poured a rain of stones.

Multitude of earthquakes is a sign of the nearness of the Day of Judgement, Abu Hurayrah (radhi allahu anhu) related from Allah's Messenger (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam): "The Hour will not happen until knowledge is taken out, time passes quickly, earthquakes increase in number, tribulations (fitan) appear, and al-Harj increases in number." It was said, "What is al-Harj, O Messenger of Allah r?" He said, "Al Qatl, al Qatl (Killing)."[Musnad Ahmad]

Earthquakes remind us of the last and final earthquake, which will be more far-reaching and convulsive. "The Day you shall see it, every nursing mother will forget her nursling, and every pregnant one will drop her load, and you shall see mankind as in a intoxicated state, yet they will not be intoxicated, but severe will be the Torment."[Soorah al-Hajj (22): 2] Therefore: "O mankind! Fear your Lord and be dutiful to Him. Verily, the earthquake of the Hour (of Judgment) is a terrible thing." [Soorah al-Hajj (22): 1]

Today, when an earthquake takes place people run leaving their dwellings and their families. Allah warns with these earthquakes to prepare ourselves for the day of the great earthquake that will shake all of the Earth. "That Day shall a man flee from his own brother, and from his mother and his father, and from his wife and his children."[Soorah Abasa (80): 34-36] "On the day (when the first blowing of the Trumpet is blown), the earth and the mountains will shake violently." [Soorah an-Nazi'at (79) :6]

What should be a Muslim's attitude and response on earthquakes?A Muslim should take earthquakes and other such signs as admonitions from Allah and hasten to repent, remember Allah and ask forgiveness from Him, as the Messenger of Allah (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) said when there was an eclipse: "If you see anything like that, hasten to remember Him, call on Him and seek His forgiveness." [Saheeh al-Bukharee vol: 2, no: 30 and Saheeh Muslim vol: 2, no: 628] "And whosoever fears Allah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make a way for him to get out (from every difficulty). And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine. And whosoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him." [Soorah at-Talaaq (65): 2-3]

It is also recommended to show compassion to the poor, give charity because the Messenger of Allah (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) said: "Show mercy, (and) you will be shown mercy." [Musnad Ahmad, vol: 2, no: 165] and: "Those who are merciful will be shown mercy by the Most Merciful. Have mercy on those who are on earth, and the One Who is in heaven will show mercy to you." [Abu Dawood 13/285), at-Tirmidhee 6/43] He (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) also said: "Whoever does not show mercy will not be shown mercy." [Saheeh al-Bukharee 5/75 and Muslim 4/1809]

One of the things, which will keep people safe from such calamities, is to reduce evil deed, apply the Sharee'ah laws, enjoin good and forbid evil: "The believers, men and women, are Awliyaa (friends) of one another; they enjoin al-Maroof (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do), and forbid (people) from al-Munkar (i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all kinds, and all that Islam forbids); they perform As-Salaat and give the Zakaat, and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah will have His Mercy on them. Surely, Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise" [Soorah at-Tawbah (9): 71]

A few tremors and entire cities are reduced to rubble…
hundreds of people are lost, millions of lives are disrupted and loss of property runs to billions.

Who amongst us has not witnessed the devastation and destruction caused by earthquakes, even if just on the news.
Whilst people discuss about better ways and improved preparations for earthquakes and whether existing buildings and structures are fit enough to withstand the earth's tremors…. let us look at earthquakes from a different prospective - the Islamic Prospective…

Let us study the various references found in the Qur'aan and the Sunnah concerning earthquakes and learn what a Muslim's attitude and response should be towards disasters and calamities.

Earthquakes are a result of man's evil deeds.

Allah sends down calamities when sins and disobedience become widespread and people increase in their wrongdoings:
"Did We not destroy the ancients? So shall We make the later generations to follow them. Thus do We deal with the Mujrimoon (criminals, disbelievers, sinners)." [Soorah al-Mursalat (77): 16-19]

Thus, disasters and calamities are a result of our increasing evil deeds and disobedience to Allah: "And whatever of misfortune befalls you, it is because of what your hands have earned. And He (Allah) pardons much." [Soorah al-Shoorah (42): 30] "Whatever of good reaches you, is from Allah, but whatever of evil befalls you, is from yourself." [Soorah an-Nisa (4):79]

Narrated Abu Hurayrah (radhi allahu anhu): "Allah's Messenger (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) said: "When... property given in trust is treated as spoil, Zakaat is looked on as a tax, learning is acquired for other than a religious purpose, a man obeys his wife and is unkind towards his mother, he brings his friend near and drives his father far off, voices are raised in the mosques, the most wicked member of a tribe becomes its ruler, the most worthless member of a people becomes its leader, a man is honored through fear of the evil he may do, singing-girls and stringed instruments make their appearance, wines are drunk, and the last members of this people curse the first ones, look at that time for a violent wind, an earthquake, being swallowed up by the earth, metamorphosis, pelting rain, and signs following one another like bits of a necklace falling one after the other when its string is cut." [at-Tirmidhee (5450)]
Earthquake - a warning!!

All the factors mentioned in this Hadeeth are clearly witnessed in the society today and earthquakes are admonitions for us that we may take some heed and return back to Allah in repentance: "Don't they see that they are put in trial once or twice every year (with different kinds of calamities, disease, famine)? Yet, they turn not in repentance, nor do they learn a lesson." [Soorah at-Tawbah (9): 126]

Allah sends down such calamities to frighten His slaves and remind them of their obligations and duties towards Him and to warn them against associating anything in worship with Him:"And We sent not the signs except to warn." [Soorah al-Isra (17): 59] "When We decide to destroy a town, We (first) send a definite order (to obey Allah and be righteous) to those among them who are given the good things of this life. Then, they transgress therein, and thus the word (of torment) is justified against (them). Then we destroy it with complete destruction." [Soorah al-Isra (17): 16]

Therefore, man should constantly fear Allah and seek His forgiveness for one's sins. The Messenger of Allah (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam), who was masoom (innocent and free of all sins) would make al-Istagfar (seek Allah's forgiveness) several times a day, he (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) said: "By the One in Whose Hands is my soul, I certainly ask forgiveness more than seventy times a day." [Saheeh al-Bukharee] and he (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) feared Allah so much that even whenever a strong wind blew, anxiety appeared on his face (fearing that, that wind might be a sign of Allah's Wrath). [Saheeh al-Bukhaaree]

Ibn al-Qayyim (rahimahullah) said: "Allah sometimes gives the earth permission to breathe, which is when major earthquakes happen. This makes people feel scared, so they repent, give up sins, pray to Allah and feel regret [for their sins]. When there had been an earthquake, some of the Salaf said: "Your Lord is warning you.
When Madeenah was struck by an earthquake, 'Umar ibn al-Khattaab (radhi allahu anhu) addressed the people and said: 'If there is another earthquake, I will not stay here with you."

But, mankind is ignorant of these warnings and is persistent in his evil deeds. He invites the Wrath of Allah when he openly and remorselessly commits acts of evil on His land. The Messenger of Allah (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) said: "Verily, Allah has a sense of Ghayrah (honor, prestige and anger) and Allah's sense of Ghayrah is provoked when a person does that which Allah has made prohibited." [Saheeh al-Bukharee and Saheeh Muslim] Man does not realize that "Verily, your Lord is Ever Watchful (over them)." [Soorah al-Fajr (89): 14] and anytime he may account us for our evil actions. "Then surely, We shall question those to whom it (the Book) was sent and We shall question the Messengers." [Soorah al-A'raf (7): 6]

The Qur'aan is a witness that terrible was the end of those who paid no heed to the warnings of Allah in the previous nations: "So We punished each (of them) for his sins, of them were some on whom We sent Haasib (a violent wind with shower of stones) [as on the people of Loot (Lot)], and of them were some who were overtaken by As-Saihah [torment awful cry, (as Thamood or Shu'ayb's people)], and of them were some whom We caused the earth to swallow [as Qaaroon], and of them were some whom We drowned [as the people of Nooh, or Fir'aun and his people]. It was not Allah Who wronged them, but they wronged themselves."[Soorah Ankaboot (29): 40]

The Astonishing Power of Allah

Allah, with this earthquake, makes clear to His servants that the kingdom of the Heavens and the Earth is alone in His Hands. Happenings of earthquakes are evidence of His astonishing Power: "For to Allah belong the Forces of the heavens and the earth."[Soorah al-Fath (48) :7] "And none can know the Forces of your Lord, except He."[Soorah Mudhaththir (74): 31] If the Ummah leaves Allah's Sharee'ah, ignores His Deen and follows its enemies, then Allah has the complete power to send down disasters and calamities, and from them are earthquakes!! "Such is the Seizure of your Lord when He seizes the towns while they are doing wrong. Verily, His Seizure is painful and severe." [Soorah Hud (11): 102]

"He has Power to send torment on you from above or from under your feet, or to cover you with confusion in party strife, and make you to taste the violence of one another." [Soorah al-An'aam 6:65]

Abu'l-Shaykh al-Isbahaani narrated from Mujaahid concerning the Tafseer of this aayah:"Say: 'He has power to send torment on you from above": (this means) al-Sayhah (the shout or tumult), stones and strong wind , "or from under your feet", (means) earthquakes and being swallowed up by the earth. It is reported from Jabir Ibn Abd-Allah (radhi allahu anhu) that when this verse was revealed, the Prophet (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) said: "A'oodhu bi wajhika" - O Allah! I seek refuge in Your Face." [Saheeh al-Bukharee vol: 5, no: 193]

Earthquake - a sign of the nearness of the Last Day
Dhulm (Oppression), false-pride and openly committing evil will never go unpunished. One will have to pay in this world and if not then the punishment in the Hereafter is much more severe… So, take heed!!
Preserve what we have from the blessings of Allah for wrongdoing removes blessings; rather it changes it to a curse.

Be warned of an evil end, for Allah gives us a chance but is not neglectful.
What has happened to the previous nations might befall us….
Fortunate person is he who learns from the calamity of others
and the miserable one is he by whom these calamities pass while he takes no lesson from them…

"None feels secure from the Plan of Allah except the people who are the losers."[Soorah al-Araaf (7): 97-99]
We Ask Allah forgiveness and seek his Mercy and Protection. We ask forgiveness for the dead and Mercy for the living to endure the hardships, to bear the loss and above all to reflect and take a lesson. Aameen.
From As-Sunnah Bimonthly Islamic Newsletter